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Our Curriculum

The curriculum at Ludham Primary School and Nursery


A new National Curriculum for Primary Schools came into law from September 2014. You can find the full document at:

Children in the Early Years (Reception) follow the requirements of ‘Early Years Foundation Stage Framework’. You can find the full document at:


At Ludham Primary school we follow the requirements of both of the above. Our planning uses cross-curricular topics (e.g. a topic such as ‘Stone Age, Bronze Age’ includes content drawn from History, Geography, Art and Music) alongside discrete subject teaching.

Wherever possible we also seek to make meaningful links for the children between subjects and also to reinforce key literacy and maths skills across the curriculum. This includes extended writing opportunities planned in across the curriculum, and also planned opportunities for real-life Maths experiences, to supplement the daily discrete Maths lessons.

We seek also to actively promote British Values of tolerance, understanding of different faiths, democracy and the rule of law through our taught curriculum and school ethos.

Planning is broken down into half term blocks. We have mixed age classes and there is a two-year cycle of planning for each class.

The school takes part in all the road safety learning opportunities provided through the Norfolk Road Safety team, from the Early Years, right through to Year 6. Work is also done on e-safety and anti-bullying. How to keep safe and healthy is further reinforced through our assembly themes, and Behaviour Policy.



At Ludham Primary School we aim to equip our pupils with the tools to allow them to communicate clearly and express themselves in an appropriate manner through their speaking, listening, reading and writing.

We foster a love of reading through visits to our school library, visits from the library van, whole class reading of books, personal and guided reading time, author visits and story cafes, aiming to encourage children to read not just for information but for pleasure too. Reading broadly provides the building blocks of great writing. Accelerated Reader is used from Yr2.

In writing, it is important that our pupils are taught how to write for a range of purposes with neat, joined handwriting using the correct spelling, punctuation and grammar. A rich vocabulary is promoted throughout the school and spelling patterns/techniques are taught daily through focussed phonics teaching in EYFS and KS1 and through the Read Write Inc. Spelling scheme in KS2. Grammar and punctuation teaching is embedded in lessons and is linked to the National Curriculum objectives. Cross-curricular writing is essential as it shows pupils that the skills being taught are not stand alone; that they link across subject areas and feed into everyday life.

These are all key skills and are taught with it in mind that they are skills for life.



At Ludham Primary, we firmly believe in the importance of maths for our children, both as a key to future learning and as a vital tool for use throughout their everyday lives. We provide positive, stimulating learning environments where children feel confident to explore maths and develop their skills, with the overarching goal that they develop their fluency, reasoning and problem solving skills with an enthusiasm for maths. All of our pupils are encouraged with the belief that by working hard they can succeed.

We strive for our pupils to learn skills alongside knowledge, so our maths curriculum ensures that children have regular cross-curricular opportunities to underpin their knowledge and skills.

Every class is taught maths at least once a day. Within the maths lesson there are opportunities for mental maths, recalling facts already taught and problem solving opportunities linked to the learning. In Key Stage One and Two, the children learn varied fluency and reason and problem solving skills in small, manageable steps. There is a big emphasis on teacher modelling to help reduce any misconceptions. Misconceptions are immediately acted on - some children have interventions to help build fluency and number sense or to reinforce concepts to enable them to move forward with the whole class.

Our children are taught to use concrete, pictorial and abstract approaches to represent their learning. This helps our children learn new ideas and build on their existing knowledge by introducing abstract concepts in a more familiar and tangible way. We follow the National Curriculum programmes of study and employ a range of resources to present maths in a fun but challenging way.

We draw on a range of sources and practical equipment to improve varied fluency. Each class has a ‘maths working wall’ which is used to record, visualise and assist learning. Maths vocabulary is also displayed and regularly reinforced.

Our children support each other’s learning, having regular opportunities to talk about and explain their mathematics with each other. Where appropriate, children are encouraged to choose the level of challenge they wish to attempt in their work, allowing them to take ownership of their learning. We believe we learn from our mistakes; mistakes are used as a powerful teaching tool and are highly valued in our maths lessons.

In the Early Years Foundation Stage our children are provided with opportunities to practise and improve their skills in counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and describing shapes, spaces, and measures through their interests and our topic based curriculum. Children’s progress is continually observed and assessed and used to plan their next steps.

We reflect on our maths curriculum every year as part of our school development cycle. Termly data is analysed and regular book looks and informal meetings take place with staff to ensure the curriculum is having a positive effect on our learners. Groups of children are regularly consulted about the impact the maths curriculum is having on their learning. This information is shared with all staff.



Science is a subject which we strongly value at Ludham Primary School and Nursery and we are incredibly passionate about inspiring and encouraging a love for this dynamic subject.

In itself, Science is a broad and diverse subject through which children develop a wealth of knowledge and skills which they take forward as they move through school and life. Exploring the three main disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics fosters fascination and curiosity. Recognising the importance and place of Science in the wider world is also crucial in motivating future generations.

Children study a wide range of topics within the science curriculum; from nature and the seasons, to rocks and electricity. Throughout all aspects of the Science curriculum children are encouraged to ask questions, develop their vocabulary, experience phenomena for themselves, handle scientific equipment and resources, and approach work in a variety of ways. As well as building on this subject specific knowledge in both key stages, children also have the opportunity to work scientifically. Planning how to conduct enquiries, predicting using prior knowledge, investigating, problem solving and analysing outcomes are just some of the many life-long skills children develop through Science.

Within Science, many other aspects of the curriculum can be seen, including English, Maths, History, Geography, IT, Art, and Design and Technology. Applying skills and knowledge across the curriculum allows children to see a purpose to their learning and at Ludham we certainly endeavour to make learning purposeful and meaningful.



History has always been a subject of fascination for children and we aim to harness this passion for the past across a range of subjects in the school to engage children in their learning.

At Ludham Primary School pupils progresses from learning about changes within living memory to the lives of significant individuals both nationally and locally. Through the study of British History from the Stone Age to 1066, pupils in Key Stage 2 acquire historical knowledge and are also are able to: use historical vocabulary accurately; talk about similarities and differences between different historical periods; select information from a range of sources; make connections and develop a greater sense of chronology. Pupils also find out about ancient civilisations and the history of our local area.

We link visits and visitors to our history learning whenever possible to enrich the children’s learning and make use of historical sources, books and digital media to bring the past to life for our young people. We provide ample opportunities to extend and demonstrate children’s history skills and knowledge through links with learning in other areas of the curriculum such as English, art, design technology, geography and drama.



Geography should inspire in children a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.


In Key Stage One we support children to develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They begin to use and understand basic vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their awareness of their locality. As they progress through the school pupils extend their knowledge and understanding beyond our local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe as well as North and South America; including the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They discover how these features are formed, interconnected and change over time and the effect they have on how people live their lives.

We encourage children to use their geography skills and knowledge in other areas of learning such as R.E., history, art, P.E., design technology and science. Through visit,; food tasting, practical and digital activities and the first-hand knowledge of visitors, we aim to deepen children’s understanding  and bring the cultures of different parts of the world to life.



In Key Stage Two, pupils begin learning French. Learning another language fosters pupils’ curiosity, and deepens their understanding of the wider world. Pupils are taught to express their ideas and thoughts in French and to understand and respond to others in both speech and writing. Opportunities are provided for pupils to communicate for practical purposes, learn songs and read stories in French. Pupils also learn about France, its culture and traditions.

Emphasis is placed on the pupils learning to speak with increasing confidence, fluency and spontaneity, continually improving the accuracy of their pronunciation and intonation.

An appropriate balance between spoken and written language helps to lay the foundations for further foreign language study at Key Stage 3.



Music at Ludham Primary School is taught by specialist teachers. Through the teaching and learning of music, we aim to engage and inspire pupils to develop a love of music and increase their self-confidence, creativity and sense of achievement.

The school follows the National Curriculum and aims to ensure that all pupils perform, listen to, review and evaluate music across a range of historical periods,

Pupils sing, create and compose music and learn about how music is created, produced and communicated.

The school has a choir and a choral society.


Art and Design

Art and design engages, inspires and challenges pupils, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to explore their world creatively.

In Key Stage 1 pupils have access to a range of materials to draw, paint and sculpt their ideas from their experiences and imagination. They experiment with colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space as they create their ideas and develop their observational skills. Pupils also begin to experience the work of a range of historical and contemporary artists. Children in Key Stage Two begin to use a sketch book to record and refine their ideas. As they move through the school, children are taught to develop their skills so that they begin to master techniques through experimentation and can review and improve their work. They are introduced to a broader range of materials and techniques and learn about significant artists, designers and architects.

Artwork in the school is often linked to other areas of the curriculum supporting children’s understanding of past times and distant shores. Links to children’s literature also prompts imaginative work. Whenever possible we make use of our beautiful and extensive school grounds as a source of both inspiration and materials for children’s work.


Design and Technology

Design and technology encourages children to be creative and imaginative as they design and make products that solve real and relevant problems.  It aims to support children in becoming confident, successful participants in an increasingly technological world.

Pupils have the opportunity to design and build models and structures to meet a design brief. They are taught to use tools safely and with increasing accuracy and to explore and use mechanisms such as levers, sliders, wheels and axles. As they move through the school children are introduced to the skills and knowledge needed to design and make more complex mechanical systems such as: cogs, pulley and cams, as well as exploring electrical and computer controlled systems.

Throughout their time in school children are given the opportunity to plan and prepare meals based on an understanding of what makes a healthy and varied diet. They develop their understanding of seasonality; where food comes from and how it is grown, caught and processed.

Design technology is linked to subjects across the curriculum and supports the acquisition of a broad range of knowledge and skills in mathematics, science, computing and art.



All children from Nursery to Year 6 have access to a range of technology and are able to develop many different computing skills. Where possible computing skills are linked to topic work or learning across the curriculum with computing having deep links with mathematics, science and design and technology. We use programming and coding to help pupils learn computer science and interact with the digital world with confidence. E-safety is an integral part of our computing provision. Children also have the opportunity to use programmes such as Word and PowerPoint to present pieces of their own work. At Ludham children have access to iPads, desktops computers, laptops, cameras, programmable robots and classroom touchscreen boards.

Our underlying aim is to ensure that the children are taught to be responsible competent, confident and creative users of information and communication technology and have the skills and understanding necessary to take an active part in a digital world.



Our PE curriculum provides the children with opportunities to engage in a range of high quality physical activities that develop their confidence and physical health. We aim for children to enjoy being physically active and develop positive attitudes towards sports that will last them a lifetime.

Children in KS1 and KS2 take part in two PE lessons every week. PE lessons allow children to develop competence in a broad range of physical activities. These include gymnastics; dance; OAA; swimming; athletics and competitive games such as invasion games, striking and fielding, net and wall. PE lessons also focus on the importance of exercise in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Lessons are delivered by specialist sports coaches, an NPECTS trained TA and a class teacher. All children have opportunities to participate in competitive sport which will help them to embed values such as fairness and respect. These opportunities take place during whole school competitions, competitions during PE lessons and tournaments run by outside agencies, such as CSF and Premier Sport. Children at Ludham also have the opportunity to participate in sport clubs before and after school which offer a range of different and engaging activities.

Children in Reception participate in one PE session per week as well as having access to a wide range of equipment in their outdoor area. These help to facilitate opportunities for children to develop good control and co-ordination as well as moving confidently in a range of ways while safely negotiating space.