# Year 2 Numeracy

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Year 2

Number- Number and Place

Pupils should be taught to:

 count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward

 recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)

 identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line

 compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs

 read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words

 use place value and number facts to solve problems.

Pupils should be taught to:

 solve problems with addition and subtraction:

 using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures

 applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

 recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100

 add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:

 a two-digit number and ones  a two-digit number and tens  two two-digit numbers  adding three one-digit numbers

 show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot

 recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

Number-Multiplication and Division

Pupils should be taught to:  recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers  calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

 show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot

 solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.

Number- Fractions

Pupils should be taught to:

 recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, 1/4, 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

 write simple fractions for example, 1/2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2.

Measurement

Pupils should be taught to:

 choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels

 compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

 recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value

 find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

 solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

 compare and sequence intervals of time

 tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

 know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

Geometry- Property of Shapes

Pupils should be taught to:

 identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line

 identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces

 identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]  compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

Geometry- Position and Direction

Pupils should be taught to:

 order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

 use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise).

Statistics

Pupils should be taught to:

 interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables

 ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity